The road safety tips explained
in this section have been developed as a source
for parents and children. These tips can help
the children stay safe on the streets.
Children rely largely on imitation for learning
so it very important that parents set the right
example. Start road safety early.
Road safety education is important to children
at every age. As the children grow, they start
making more decisions for themselves and mistakenly
believe they know everything. They need to know
that road safety is a serious matter and the rules
cannot be broken.
|Protect and supervise children in all traffic
Use their knowledge and experience to forewarn in
impending risky situation.
Ensure children hold an adult's hand while walking,
wear a seatbelt in the car or wear their bike helmet.
Take every opportunity to explain road safety.
Observe children behave safely not just talk about
Above all, never be complacent!
As adults, we are responsible for children's
safety whether they are walking, cycling, playing
or sitting in the car.
- Always plan your journey
- Make sure you know where you are going
- Choose the safest route
- Leave yourself plenty of time
- Walk only on the pavement or footpath.
- If there is no pavement, walk on the right
hand side of the road so you can see the traffic
coming towards you.
- Walk one behind the other at turns or if there
is a heavy traffic.
- Be extra careful if you can't see the road
- Be careful when crossing cycles, rickshaws
and carts. They might be traveling slowly but
they do not have efficient braking system and
can cause serious injuries.
- If you are walking with a younger child, always
hold his or her hand when using the road.
- Try to walk in the centre of the pavement.
Someone might suddenly open the car doors.
- Do not behave in the street as you do in the
- If a friend calls from the other side of the
road, never hurry, check traffic first.
- Do not challenge or encourage friends to do
anything risky on the road.
HOW TO CROSS THE ROAD SAFELY
1. THINK FIRST - PLAN
- Find the safest place to cross then stop.
- If available cross the road at a zebra crossing,
traffic light crossings or at traffic islands
or where there is a police officer or a traffic
warden. Wait on the pavement until the traffic
has completely stopped.
- If not available, choose a place where you
can see clearly along the roads in all directions,
and where drivers can see you.
Note - Never cross on turns.
CROSSING THE ROAD WHERE
VEHICLES ARE PARKED
- Avoid crossing between parked cars
But if there is nowhere else to cross:
- Choose a place where there is enough space
between two cars
- Make sure no car is about to move out of the
parking - look for drivers in the cars, lights
and listen for engines.
- Ensure that you can easily get to the other
side of the road.
- Walk to the outside edge of the cars and stop.
- Look on both sides for traffic.
CROSSING ROAD WITH A MEDIAN
Some roads have an island or a median in the
- Treat each half of the road as a separate
- Wait on the island or median, observe and
CROSSING AT A ZEBRA CROSSING
If there is a zebra crossing, always
- Wait on the pavement near the edge and wait
for all the traffic to stop before you start
- After traffic has completely stopped from
both sides, walk across on the black and white
Keep looking all round and listening because
a driver might not have seen you.
Note: If it is wet, cars would take more time
CROSSING WHERE THERE
IS AN ISLAND IN THE ROAD
Mostly traffic flows in one direction on these
- Treat each half of the crossing as separate
- Watch out for overtaking vehicles.
- Do not assume that vehicles will stop.
- Check that the vehicles have stopped before
SCHOOL CROSSING MANAGED
BY POLICE OR TRAFFIC MARSHALLS
- When school crossing is managed by police
officers or traffic wardens, wait until they
signal to you to cross the road.
- Always cross in front of them and obey their
CROSSING ONE-WAY ROADS
- Check the direction in which the traffic is
- Traffic will be flowing in more than one lane;
do not cross until it is safe to cross the whole
Enjoy cycling but always remember these tips.
- Do not cycle on the road unless you have been
- Before going, discuss the safest route with
your parent or guardian and follow it.
- Make sure there are reflectors on the front
and back of the cycle.
- Keep the reflectors clean and do not paste
stickers on them.
- Use a bike bag if you have to carry anything
on your cycle.
- Wear such clothes that do not get caught in
the chain or wheels.
- Wear shoes while riding, sleepers can slip
from the pedals.
- Ride a cycle that suits your height. A cycle
which is too big or small affects your balance
and can be dangerous.
- Check your brakes are working well and your
tyres are inflated.
- Wear a cycle helmet - it protects you if you
have an accident.
- Be visible - Make sure that other road users
can see you easily. Wear bright clothes.
CYCLING IN THE DAR K
- Avoid cycling in the dark.
- Wear bright or reflective clothes in the dark.
- Make sure the reflectors are clean.
- Look behind before starting off, turning right
or left, overtaking, or stopping and make sure
it is safe.
- You must obey traffic light signals.
- Give a clear arm signal to show what you intend
- Use cycle tracks if you are riding along the
- Always keep both hands on the handlebars unless
you are giving a signal or changing gears.
- When turning, allow pedestrians to cross first
because they have the right of way.
- Never hold another vehicle or cyclist.
- Avoid carrying a passenger on you cycle even
if you are expert in cycling.
- Ride one behind the other. Never ride more
than two side by side even if there is no traffic.
- Ride at some distance from the edge of the
road. The drains or gutters can imbalance you.
- If you want to turn right from a busy road,
stop on the left hand side and wait for a safe
gap in the traffic then walk or cycle across
- Do not wear a personal stereo or use a mobile
phone whilst cycling. These devices affect your
- Overtake only if, you are certain it is safe
to do so.
- Be careful if you are overtaking parked vehicles,
they might start off or someone might open the
- Be prepared for unexpected dangers.
PARKING YOUR CYCLE
- Always park your cycle in the area marked
for parking of cycles. Use a cycle rack if available.
- Always lock your cycle.
- Pedestrians have the right of way. You must
stop for pedestrians at Zebra crossings.
CYCLING NEAR ANIMALS
- Keep a safe distance from stray cows or from
carts. The animals can be unpredictable and
can cause an injury.
- Don't sound your bell or horn near them as
this may scare the animals.
ROUNDABOUTS & INTERSECTIONS
Always give way to traffic coming from your right.
Be cautious of the vehicles turning in front of
RIDING IN CAR
- Always wear the seatbelts.
- Never lean or wave out of the window. Never
throw or hang anything out.
- Do not block the driver's view in the mirror.
- Never distract the driver by talking to him,
shouting or p laying about in the car. It is
very important for the driver to concentrate
on the road.
- Only open doors or windows only when your
parent or guardian asks you to open. Use the
door on the pavement side.
RIDING IN BUSES
- While waiting for a bus, stand on the pavement.
Do not play around at the bus stops.
- Wait for your turn, allow the people to get
off the bus before you get on. Do not push or
jostle other passengers.
- If you have to cross the road after getting
off the bus, wait for the bus to go first.