Check the status of the casualties. Assess if the person
is conscious or unconscious. Shake them lightly and shout
to them. If you do not get a reply the victim is unconscious.
Treat the quietest person first, those screaming can
at least breathe. Always suspect spinal injuries.
Our priorities are to keep airways open, provide resuscitation
if needed and to treat serious bleeding. Other casualties
should be kept still and warm.
Encourage people to stay where they are – people
should stay in their vehicles unless it is too dangerous
for them to be there.
After checking for danger, you must check for a response
from the casualty. The casualty
will be either conscious or unconscious.
STEP 1 - Shout out - if casualty replies it proves the
casualty is breathing.
STEP 2 - Approach carefully
STEP 3 - Confirm if casualty can hear by asking his name
and what happened.
STEP 4 - Examine softly
STEP 5 - Check for bleeding, shock and poisoning. Stop
any bleeding by applying direct pressure with bandages
STEP 6 - Keep the casualty lying down
STEP 7 - Keep casualty warm and relaxed.