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Danger Response Airway Breathing Circulation
  First Aid Steps

R: RESPONSE

Check the status of the casualties. Assess if the person is conscious or unconscious. Shake them lightly and shout to them. If you do not get a reply the victim is unconscious.

Treat the quietest person first, those screaming can at least breathe. Always suspect spinal injuries.

Our priorities are to keep airways open, provide resuscitation if needed and to treat serious bleeding. Other casualties should be kept still and warm.

Encourage people to stay where they are – people should stay in their vehicles unless it is too dangerous for them to be there.

After checking for danger, you must check for a response from the casualty. The casualty
will be either conscious or unconscious.

CONSCIOUS

STEP 1 - Shout out - if casualty replies it proves the casualty is breathing.
STEP 2 - Approach carefully
STEP 3 - Confirm if casualty can hear by asking his name and what happened.
STEP 4 - Examine softly
STEP 5 - Check for bleeding, shock and poisoning. Stop any bleeding by applying direct pressure with bandages or clothing.
STEP 6 - Keep the casualty lying down
STEP 7 - Keep casualty warm and relaxed.

Note: Do not give anything by mouth. If the scene is safe, do not move an injured casualty.
make possible life saving First Aid.


UNCONSCIOUS

STEP 1 - Shout out - If casualty does not reply, approach carefully
STEP 2 - Shout loudly and shake the casualty, check if he responds
STEP 3 - If unconscious, turn the causality on side to clear and open airway
STEP 4 - Place casualty's far arm at right angle to the body
STEP 5 - Place the arm on your side across the chest
STEP 6 - Bend the knee on your side up
STEP 7 – Support the head and neck and roll the casualty away from you.
STEP 8 - Keep the casualty in this position and check their airway and breathing.

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